In a former post I have talked about Port wine. Today I'll present you with a short, and yet interesting, information on one of the oldest wine regions in the world: The Douro region. Translation of link below.
«The Douro is the oldest Demarcated Region in the world, known for the outstanding quality of its wines and the famous Port wine, the generous wine which led to this demarcation, ordered in 1756 by the Marquis of Pombal.
The Douro is located in the northeast of Portugal, surrounded by the mountains of Marão and Montemuro. Most of the plantations are done in terraces, carved on the slopes of the valleys along the Douro River and its tributaries. Soils are essentially shale although in some areas, also granite.
Although particularly difficult to work with, these soils are beneficial for the longevity of vineyards and allow concentrated grape sugar and color. The cultivation of vines in the region dates back to the Roman occupation, but it was in the seventeenth century the Port wine had greatly expanded, leading to the Treaty of Methwen between Portugal and England, with a view to export.
The vineyards of the Douro create a magnificent landscape recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site since 2001. Among the many cultivated varieties stand out Touriga Nacional, Touriga Franca, Tinta Barroca, Tinto Cao and Tinta Roriz.»
Terraces along the Douro river where vines are planted. Picture taken from http://www.dourovalley.eu/en/
The demarcated wne region on the Portuguese map. Picture taken from
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