WELCOME

Welcome to my blog. Please feel free to roam around and learn a bit more about Portuguese History. To find your interests, please, have a look at the right side of the page, where you can find all the posts arrenged into labels, such as "Society", "Politics", etc. Enjoy!

Saturday, October 27, 2012

MONUMENT TO THE PEOPLE AND HEROES OF THE PENINSULA WAR, IN LISBON

In 1808 the Portuguese king Manuel the 2nd decided that a monument commemorating the 1st centenary of all of those national anonymous heroes of the Peninsula War that fought the French should between the years of 1807 and 1814 to be placed in Lisbon in the Praça Mouzinho de Albuquerque, today known as the Entrecampos Roundabout.

In the meanwhile the crown fell and the 1st Republic came to power and during that 1st period, political and civil instability and the 1st World War didn't allow the project of the monument to be continued.
It was only in 1933, during the Military dictatorship, before the “Estado Novo” period (the 45 years dictatorship), that the project was finally concluded.

Done by the brothers Francisco de Oliveira Ferreira and José Oliveira Ferreira, inaugurated by our President, General Carmona, it is one of many homages one can find across the country regarding that period, specially the one in Porto which has a lion crushing an eagle with his weight.
As you can see, it has several elements located on it's 4 sides. Unfortunately, although I found a website that had the different elements explained, I cannot explain all the symbolism of this monument. But here goes what I could find:


















Monument of the People and Heroes of the Peninsula War, in Lisbon.
Pictures taken by me.

- Civilians, clerics and soldiers standing next to the tomb of the Portuguese Poet Luis de Camões;
- French soldiers pulling a cannon;
- A lion clenching his claws;
- A young woman kneeling at a man's feet, what it seem to be looking for protection;
- Around it are the12 shields representing the 12 locations involved in the war.
- On top the female figure representing our Nation and beside her soldiers with their weapons aiming the Napoleonic eagle.

For more info and pictures, please take a look at the following link:
http://www.historiadeportugal.info/monumento-da-guerra-peninsular-lisboa/

Monument to the Heroes of the Peninsula War, in Porto. Picture taken from Wikipedia.

No comments: